In botany, a fruit is the seed-carrying structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.
Fruits are the means by which angiosperms propagate seeds. Edible fruits, in particular, have spread with the movements of humans and animals in a symbiotic relationship as a means of seed dispersal and nutrition; In fact, humans and many animals have become dependent on fruits as a food source. As a result, the fruits represent a substantial fraction of global agricultural production, and some (such as apple and pomegranate) have acquired broad cultural and symbolic meanings.
In the use of the common tongue, “Fruit” commonly means meatless structures associated with the seeds of a plant that are sweet or sour, and edible in raw state, such as apples, bananas, grapes, lemons, oranges and strawberries. On the other hand, in botanical use, “Fruits” includes many structures that are not commonly called “fruits”, such as bean pods, corn kernels, tomatoes and wheat cereals. The section of a fungus that produces spores is also called a fruiting body.
Many common terms for seeds and fruits do not correspond to botanical classifications. In culinary terminology, a fruit is commonly any part of the sweet-tasting plant, especially a botanical fruit; A walnut is all hard, oily, and peeled vegetable product; And a vegetable is any salty or less sweet vegetable product. However, in botany, a fruit is ovary or mature carmine containing seeds, a sow is a type of fruit and not a seed, and a seed is a mature egg.
Examples of “vegetable” cooking and nuts that are fruit botanically include corn, cream (e.g. cucumber, pumpkin and pumpkin), eggplant, legumes (beans, peanuts and peas), sweet pepper and tomato. In addition, some spices, such as pepper and chili, are fruits, botanically speaking. Conversely, rhubarb is often referred to as a fruit, because it is used to make sweet desserts, such as cakes, even though only the Petiolo (leaf stem) of the rhubarb plant is edible, and the edible seeds gymnosperm are often given names of Fruits, for example, ginkgo nuts and pines.
Botanically, a grain of cereal, such as corn, rice or wheat, is also a species of fruit, called caryopsis. However, the fruit wall is very thin and fuses with the seed layer, so almost any edible grain is actually a seed.