A rose is a perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosado, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it carries. There are over 300 species and thousands of cultivars. They form a group of plants that can be erect shrubs, climbing or crawling with stalks that are often armed with sharp thorns. The flowers vary in size and shape and are usually large and colorful, in colors ranging from white through yellow and red. Most species are native to Asia, with smaller numbers native to Europe, North America, and north-west Africa. Species, cultivars, and hybrids are widely cultivated for their beauty and are often perfumed. Roses have acquired cultural significance in many societies. Pink plants vary in size, from compact roses, miniature, to climbers that can reach seven meters high. Different species are easily hybridized, and this was used in the development of the wide range of garden roses.
The name rose comes from the French, itself from Latin Rose, which was lent perhaps from Oscan, from the Greek ρόδον Rhódon (Aeolic βρόδον Wródon), itself lent of Old Persian WRD-(Wurdi), related to Avestan varəδa, Sogdian Wing, Parthian Wâr.